From the Indiana Department of Natural Resources:
By “rescuing” an injured or apparently abandoned baby wild animal, you may doing the opposite of what you seek to accomplish, and break the law.
This time of year, thousands of animals are born in the wild. With the spread of suburban areas into their natural habitats, young animals are increasingly born near humans, who are more apt to discover them without an adult animal nearby. When this happens, a few reminders are especially pertinent.
While some baby animals may be orphaned or abandoned, that’s not always true.
Picking up a baby animal that is not orphaned or abandoned is not only usually unnecessary, it can be bad for the animal. It’s also illegal if you don’t have the proper permit or take the animal straight to a licensed wildlife rehabilitator.
Such animals also pose safety and health risks for humans. They may look helpless, cute and cuddly, but they can bite or scratch people who attempt to handle them. Some wild animals carry parasites and infectious diseases, some of which can be transmitted to humans.
“The apparent lack of an adult does not mean a young animal is orphaned,” said Linnea Petercheff, operations staff specialist for the DNR Division of Fish & Wildlife. “Adults often leave their young alone, safe in nests or dens while they forage for food, but rarely do they abandon their young.”
If a bird has fallen out of a nest, it is OK to gently return it to the nest. The best way to make sure an animal is truly orphaned is to wait and check it periodically. If you are unsure, place some strings or sticks across the nest. Place some grass across the top of a rabbit nest that is found with young in it.
If such items are later disturbed, the mother has probably returned. In such a situation, leave the young animal alone. The adult will return after you leave the area. As an example, rabbits often come to the nest to feed their young only a couple of times a day.
The best way to make sure that a fawn that appears to be alone is truly orphaned is to wait and check it periodically. Before taking any action, remember the following:
- If the fawn is not injured, the mother is likely nearby.
- Leave the fawn alone and its mother will probably come and get it. Deer can take better care of their young than a human can.
- Human scent on the fawn will not prevent the mother from taking care of it.
- If you do not see any deer nearby, have someone watch the fawn without being seen by the mother. In most cases, the mother will come back and get the fawn after you leave the area.
If you believe the mother has not returned to a nest or a deer has not come back to feed her fawn, or you know that the mother is no longer alive, call a licensed wildlife rehabilitator listed at: www.wildlife.in.gov.
Remember, state laws prohibit keeping protected wild animals without a permit. Most species of wildlife are protected by law and cannot be kept as a pet. Federal laws also prohibit possession of migratory birds, including songbirds, raptors and waterfowl. It is even illegal to treat wild animals for sickness or injury without a permit.
Wild animal rehabilitation permits are issued to qualified individuals who take in sick, injured, or orphaned wild animals with the intent of releasing them back into the wild.
If you encounter an injured, truly abandoned or sick wild animal, do one of the following for assistance:
- Check the DNR website, www.wildlife.in.gov and click on “Wildlife Rehabilitation”
- Call the DNR Division of Fish & Wildlife in Indianapolis, (317) 232-4080.
- Call your DNR law enforcement district headquarters or regional headquarters; contact information is at: http://www.in.gov/dnr/lawenfor/2755.htm
- Call a licensed veterinarian for immediate assistance with a sick or severely injured wild animal.
Link to press release